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Waqf al Arafa - Hajj Day * - Islam [starts the evening before].

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Time: 
Thu, 31/08/2017 - 12:15 - 23:45
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EVERYWHERE.

31st August 

Waqf al Arafa - Hajj Day * - Islam [starts the evening before].

Islamic observance day during Hajj when pilgrims pray for forgiveness and mercy.

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The Day of 'Arafah (Arabic: يوم عرفة) is the holiest day in Islam that falls on the 9th day of Dhul Hijja (ذو الحجة) of the lunar Islamic Calendar.  This happens to be approximately 70 days after the end of the month of Ramadan.  It is the second day of the Hajj pilgrimage and the day after is the first day of the major Islamic Holiday of Eid ul-Adha. [3] At dawn of this day, Muslim pilgrims will make their way from Mina to a nearby hillside and plain called Mount Arafat and the Plain of `Arafah.  It was from this site that Muhammad in gave one of his last famous sermons in the final year of his life.  Muslims hold that part of the Qur'anic verse announcing that the religion of Islam had been perfected was revealed on this day. 

Contents [show] 

Virtues of the Day of Arafah [edit] 

There are numerous virtues claimed for the 9th of Dhu ’l-Hijjah which is known as yawm al-‘Arafah.  This is the day where the pilgrims assemble on the plain of ‘Arafah to complete one of the essential rituals of the Hajj. 

The completion of Allah’s blessing refers to forgiveness for ones sins by Allah, as without it the blessings of Allah cannot be complete.  This brings to light the importance of being forgiven by Allah. 

Those not performing pilgrimage are recommended to fast on 'Arafah day.  It is expected that Allah will expiate the small sins committed In two years the year before and the year to come . 

Prophet (SAW)'s Prayers 

 Dua to be read at Arafat Recite: لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لَا شَرِيكَ لَهُ لَهُ الْمُلْكُ وَلَهُ الْحَمْدُ وَهُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٍاللَّهُمَّ اجْعَلْ فِي قَلْبِي نُورَاً وَفِي سَمْعِي نُورَاً وَفِي بَصَرِي نُورَاً اللَّهُمَّ اشْرَحْ لِي صَدْرِي وَيَسِّرْ لِي أَمْرِي وَأَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ وَسَاوِسِ الصُّدُورِ وَشَتَاتِ الْأَمْرِ وَفِتْنَةِ الْقَبْرِ اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ شَرِّ مَا يَلِجُ فِي اللَّيْلِ وَشَرِّ مَا يَلِجُ فِي النَّهَارِ وَشَرِّ مَا تَهِبُّ بِهِ الرِّيَاحُ "There is none worthy of worship besides Allah, He is all by Himself, He has no partner, His is the Kingdom, for Him is all praise, He has power over all things.  O Allah, make Nur in my heart, in my ears Nur and in my eyes Nur.  O Allah open my chest (bossom), make my tasks easy and I seek refuge in You from the whispers of the chest, from disorganisation in working and from the punishment of the grave.  O Allah, I seek refuge in You from the evils that come with the wind". 

(Hisnul Hasin) 

Occurrence in Hadith Literature [edit] 

Abu Qatada al-Ansari reported that Muhammad was asked about his fasting.  He was asked about perpetual fasting, whereupon he said: He neither fasted nor did he break it, or he did not fast and he did not break it.  He was then asked about fasting for two days and breaking one day.  He (Muhammad (S.  A.  W) said: And who is strong enough to do it? He was asked about fasting for a day and breaking for two days, whereupon he said: May Allah bestow upon us strength to do it.  He was then asked about fasting for a day and breaking on the other, whereupon he said: That is the fasting of my brother David.  He was then asked about fasting on Monday, whereupon he said: It was the day on which I was born and on which I was commissioned with prophet-hood or revelation was sent to me, (and he further said): Three days' fasting every month and during the whole of Ramadan every year is a perpetual fast.  He was asked about fasting on the day of 'Arafah (9th of Dhu'I-Hijja), whereupon he said: It expiates the sins of the preceding year and the coming year.  He was asked about fasting on the day of 'Ashura (10th of Muharram), whereupon he said: It expiates the sins of the preceding year.  The Book of Fasting (Kitab Al-Sawm) Muslim :: Book 6: Hadith 2603 

In Sahih Muslim it was narrated from 'Āishah that Muhammad said: [4] 

'There is no day on which Allah frees more people from the Fire than the Day of Arafah.  He comes close and expresses His fulfillment to the angels, saying, 'What do these people want?' 

Day of Arafah in the Gregorian calendar [edit] 

See also: Islamic calendar 

While the Day of Arafah is always on the same day of the Islamic calendar, the date on the Gregorian calendar varies from year to year since the Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar and the Gregorian calendar is a solar calendar.  Each year, the Day of Arafah (like other Islamic holidays) falls on one of two different Gregorian dates in different parts of the world because the boundary of crescent visibility is different from the International date line.  Furthermore, some countries follow the date in Saudi Arabia rather than the astronomically determined local calendar. 

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Day of Arafat History

The Day of Arafah (Arabic: يوم عرفة) is the day on which Muslim Hajj pilgrims gather on Mount Arafah, praying and supplicating to their Lord.  Crowds of people stand on Mount Arafah, which is meant to remind those standing of the Day of Resurrection, when crowds of people stand waiting for judgment.  Standing as a singular community encourages pilgrims to rid themselves of false pride.

The Day of Arafah is on the  ninth day of Dhul-Hijjah, the last month of the Islamic year.   Those who are not on the holy pilgrimage (not in Arafah) are highly recommended by Islamic tradition to fast.

Day of Arafat Facts

It is common Muslim belief that the Prophet Muhammad said that fasting on the day of Arafah forgives all the minor sins of the past year and coming year.

The Prophet Muhammad gave his last sermon standing on Mount Arafah.  For that reason, it is visited by pilgrims during the Hajj.

Standing on top of Mount Arafah completes the Hajj (Islamic pilgrimage to Mecca).  It is believed to be the singular most significant act Muslim pilgrims undertake.

The day of Arafah was declared by Prophet Muhammad as a day of celebration and feasting.

Day of Arafat Top Events and Things to Do

Buy gifts for children.  As for him who gives (gifts) and guards against evil and accepts the best, we will facilitate for him the easy end (Quran, 92:5).  According to Islamic tradition, those that spend on their children on this day are rewarded by God very generously.  As a result, many Muslim parents buy toys and other gifts for their children on the day of Arafah.

At Mount Arafah, pilgrims cast stones at a pillar that represents the devil as part of Hajj.  According to tradition, at least forty-nine stones need to be cast.

 

Although not required by Islamic tradition, many pilgrims spend the night at Mount Arafah and on the surrounding plains keeping vigil and praying for forgiveness.

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