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Maghi – Sikh

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Sat, 13/01/2018 (All day)

 13th January. 

Maghi – Sikh

Sikh commemoration of a battle in which forty Sikhs died for Guru Gobindh Singh Ji. 

Guru Gobind Singh, born Gobind Rai (22 December 1666 – 7 October 1708), [4] [5] was the 10th Sikh Guru, a spiritual master, warrior, poet and philosopher.  When his father, Guru Tegh Bahadur, was beheaded for refusing to convert to Islam, [6] [7] Guru Gobind Singh was formally installed as the leader of the Sikhs at age nine, becoming the last of the living Sikh Gurus [8] His four sons died during his lifetime in Mughal-Sikh wars – two in battle, two executed by the Mughal army [9] [10] [11]. 

Among his notable contributions to Sikhism are founding the Sikh warrior community called Khalsa in 1699 [2] [12] [13]and introducing the Five Ks, the five articles of faith that Khalsa Sikhs wear at all times.  Guru Gobind Singh also continued the formalisation of the religion, wrote important Sikh texts, [14] [15] and enshrined the scripture the Guru Granth Sahib as Sikhism’s eternal Guru [16]. 

In Sikhism, the Five Ks (Punjabi: ਪੰਜ ਕਕਾਰ Pañj Kakār) are five items that Guru Gobind Singh commanded Khalsa Sikhs to wear at all times in 1699.  They are: Kesh (uncut hair), Kangha (a wooden brush for the hair), Kara (a metal bracelet), Kachera (a type of undergarment) and Kirpan (a dagger). 

The Five Ks are not just symbols, but articles of faith that collectively form the external identity and the Khalsa devotee’s commitment to the Sikh rehni “Sikh way of life” [1] A Sikh who has taken Amrit and keeps all five Ks is known as Khalsa (“pure”) or Amritdhari Sikh (“Amrit Sanskar participant”), while a Sikh who has not taken Amrit but follows the teachings of the Sri Guru Granth Sahib is called a Sahajdhari Sikh. 

Kesh [edit]. 

Main article: Kesh 

One who does not tie a fresh turban is liable for penalty.  For this reason it is mandatory for every Sikh of the Guru to tie a turban every day. 

The Kesh, or unshorn long hair, is considered by Sikhs as an indispensable part of the human body.  Long known as a sign of spiritual devotion, it also emulates the appearance of Guru Gobind Singh and is one of the primary signs by which a Sikh can be clearly and quickly identified.  A Sikh never cuts or trims any hair as a symbol of respect for the perfection of God’s creation.  The uncut long hair and the beard, in the case of men, form the main kakār for Sikhs [3]. 

The turban is a spiritual crown, which is a constant reminder to the Sikh that he or she is sitting on the throne of consciousness and is committed to living according to Sikh principles.  Guru Gobind Singh told his Sikhs: 

“Khaalsa mero roop hai khaas.  Khaalsa mai ho karo nivaas..The Khalsa is my image.  Within the Khalsa I reside.” [citation needed] Wearing a turban declares sovereignty, dedication, self-respect, courage and piety. 

A noted figure in Sikh history is Bhai Taru Singh, who was martyred but he refused to get his Kesh cut. 

Kangha [edit]. 

Kangha – one of the five articles of faith for the Sikhs 

Comb the hair twice a day, covering it with turban that is to be tied from fresh. 

-  Tankhanama Bhai Nand Lal Singh [4]. 

A Kangha is a small wooden comb that Sikhs use twice a day.  It is supposed to be worn only in the hair and at all times.  Combs help to clean and remove tangles from the hair, and is a symbol of cleanliness.  Combing their hair reminds Sikhs that their lives should be tidy and organized.  The Sikhs were commanded by Guru Gobind Singh to wear a small comb called a Kangha at all times. 

The comb keeps the hair tidy, a symbol of not just accepting what God has given, but also an injunction to maintain it with grace.  The Guru said hair should be allowed to grow naturally.  For men, this includes not shaving.  At the time of Guru Gobind Singh ji, some holy men let their hair become tangled and dirty.  The Guru said that this was not right.  Hair should be allowed to grow but it should be kept clean and combed at least twice a day. 

Kara [edit]. 

Kara – one of the five articles of faith for the Sikhs 

The Sikhs were commanded by Guru Gobind Singh at the Baisakhi Amrit Sanchar in 1699 to wear an iron bangle called a Kara at all times.  The Kara is a constant reminder to always remember that whatever a person does with their hands has to be in keeping with the advice given by the Guru.  The Kara is an iron/steel circle to symbolise God as never ending.  It is a symbol of permanent bonding to the community, of being a link in the chain of Khalsa Sikhs (the word for link is ‘kari’). 

Karchera [edit]. 

The sign of true chastity is the Kachera, you must wear this and hold weapons in hand. 

-  Bhai Gurdas, Var.  41, pauri 15 

Originally, the Kachera was made part of the five Ks as a symbol of a Sikh soldier’s willingness to be ready at a moment’s notice for battle or for defense.  The confirmed Sikh (one who has taken the Amrit) wears a Kachera every day.  Some go to the extent of wearing a Kachera while bathing, to be ready to at a moment’s notice, changing into the new one leg at a time, so as to have no moment where they are unprepared.  Further, this garment allowed the Sikh soldier to operate in combat freely and without any hindrance or restriction, because it was easy to fabricate, maintain, wash and carry compared to other traditional under-garments of that era, like the dhoti.  The Kachera symbolises self-respect, and always reminds the wearer of mental control over lust, one of the Five Evils in Sikh philosophy. 

Kachera follow a generally practical and roomy design.  It features an embedded string that circles the waist which can be tightened/loosened as desired, and then knotted securely.  The Kachera can be classed between underwear and an outer garment, as in appearance it does not reveal private anatomy, and looks and wears like shorts.  As with all of the Five Ks, there is equality between men and women, and so women are also expected to wear it.  Considering the hot climate in India, the Kachera is often worn by men as an outer garment, keeping the wearer cool and being practical in manual work such as farming, however it is generally not considered respectful for women to wear the Kachera as an outer garment (on its own) as it is considered too revealing. 

Kirpan [edit]. 

Typical Kirpan worn by modern Sikhs 

Those who never depart his/her arms, they are the Khalsa with excellent rehats. 

-  Rehatnama Bhai Desa Singh [citation needed]. 

The Kirpan is a short dagger which symbolizes a Sikh’s duty to come to the defence of those in peril.  All Sikhs should wear a short form of Kirpan (approx.  6”to 9”long) on their body at all times as a defensive side-arm, just as a police officer is expected to wear a public-defensive weapon when on duty.  Its use is only allowed in the act of self-defense and the protection of others.  It stands for bravery and protecting the weak and innocent. 

Originally, the kirpan was kept sharp and was actually used to defend others, such as those who were being oppressed by harsh rulers, women who were raped in the streets, or a person who was being robbed or beaten.  The true Sikh cannot turn a blind eye to such evils, thinking that they are “someone else’s concern.  “[citation needed] It is the duty of the true Sikh to help those who suffer unjustly, by whatever means available, whether that means alerting the police, summoning help, or literally defending those who cannot defend themselves, even if that means putting oneself in harm’s way. 

[This article needs additional citations for verification.  Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.  Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.  (April 2015) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) 

https://en.  wikipedia.  org/wiki/The_Five_KS 

World Religion Day is an interfaith observance initiated in 1950 by the National Spiritual Assembly of the Bahá’ís of the United States, celebrated worldwide on the third Sunday in January each year.  Though initiated in the United States, World Religion Day has come to be celebrated internationally [1]. 

Its purpose is to promote the idea that the spiritual principles underlying the world’s religions are harmonious, and to suggest that religions play a role in unifying humanity [1] In April 2002, the Universal House of Justice, the international Bahá’í governing body, published a letter “To the World’s Religious Leaders”, in which it was stated that: 

Interfaith discourse, if it is to contribute meaningfully to healing the ills that afflict a desperate humanity, must now address honestly..the implications of the over-arching truth..that God is one and that, beyond all diversity of cultural expression and human interpretation, religion is likewise one [2]. 

History [edit]. 

The earliest observation entitled “World Peace Through World Religion”was in Portland, Maine at the Eastland Park Hotel in October 1947 with a talk by Firuz Kazemzadeh [3] In 1949 observances in various communities in the United States made the local newspapers in December called “World Religion Day” [4] It was standardized across the United States by the National Spiritual Assembly of the Bahá’ís of the United States in December 1949 to be held January 15 [2] [5] It also began to be observed internationally starting as early as in Australia in 1950 in two cities [6] and Bolivia in 1951 [7] By 1958 Bahá’ís had gathered notices of events in a number of countries - sometimes attracting hundreds of people and sometimes overlapping with race amity priorities [8] In Laos for example, meetings were noted in 1958, [9] 1959, [10] and 1960, among many countries activities [11] [12]

In the Netherlands in 1962 it was noted in several cities [13]. 

More pronounced awareness [edit]. 

The observance has grown in some scale of recognition beginning in the 1950s.  It was noted on various AM radio stations in the 1950s and 1960s:(formerly) KVSM (1951, San Francisco Bay Area) [14] (formerly) KCNA (1951, Tucson area) [15] KFAR (1951, [16] 1960, [17] and 1962, [18] Fairbanks, Alaska) (formerly) KTIM (1954, San Francisco Bay Area), [19] WIOU (AM) (1955, Kokomo, Indiana) [20] WGVA (1956, Geneva, New York) [21] KVNA (AM) (1957, Flagstaff, Arizona) [22]. 

Various noted speakers have given talks in the 1950s to the 1970s: - 

•        O.  Z.  Whitehead, actor and writer [23]. 

•        Dwight W.  Allen, professor of education and reformer [24]. 

•        Stanwood Cobb, educator and reformer [25] [26]. 

•        Hilda Yen, diplomat and aviator [27]. 

•        Robert B.  Powers, police chief and writer [28]. 

•        William Sears, television and radio personality [29].

•        A number of locales have seen Mayoral proclamations in the United States and Canada in the 1960s and 1970s:  

•        1966 - Reno Nevada [30] and Portsmouth, New Hampshire [31]. 

•        1967 - Arcadia, California [32]. 

•        1969 - Carbondale, Illinois [33]. 

•        1973 - Hamburg, New York [34]. 

•        1974 [35] and 1975 [36] - Brandon, Manitoba 

•        1977 - Hamburg, New York, [37]. 

In 1968 the proclamation was issued by Warren E.  Hearnes, Governor of Missouri [38]. 

Stamps [edit] In 1985 Sri Lanka issued the first World Religion Day postage stamp.  This was followed by a stamp issued by the Republic of the Congo in 2007.  The Congo stamp showed a globe with the symbols of 11 religions surrounding it, and the text (in French) read, “God is the source of all religions.  “[39] [40] [41]. 

Modern events [edit] After years of activity since 2000 [42]:1:02min in 2011 Ottawa city government hosted an event that was video taped [43]. 

It was subsequently noted in 2014 on CTV Television Network [44]. 

Since 2013 participants have gathered at a virtual presentation in second Life [45]:1:44min at the UUtopia Center for an observance [46] The 2014 observance had screenshots taken [47] The 2015 event [48] of talks of a panel of speakers was recorded [45]. 

In 2013 the Parliament of Religions noted it [49] The Oxford University Press’ blog noted it in 2015 [50]. 

There is a long tradition of hosting panels and symposia with representatives of many religions at World Religion Day observances [51].  

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