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15th February. Nirvana Day - Buddhist - Jain - Sikh** (Local or regional customs may use a variation of this date.)

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Time: 
Thu, 15/02/2018 (All day)

 15th February. 

Nirvana Day - Buddhist - Jain - Sikh** (Local or regional customs may use a variation of this date.)

Parinirvana Day, or Nirvana Day is a Buddhist holiday celebrated in East Asia.  By some it is celebrated on 8 February, but by most on the 15 February.  It celebrates the day when the Buddha is said to have achieved Parinirvana, or complete Nirvana, upon the death of his physical body [1]. 

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Passages from the Nirvana [Mahayana] Sutra describing the Buddha’s last days of life are often read on Parinirvana Day.  Other observances include meditation and visits to Buddhist temples and monasteries.  Also, the day is a time to think about one’s own future death and on the deaths of loved ones.  This thought process reflects the Buddhist teachings on impermanence. 

Some Western Buddhist groups also celebrate Parinirvana Day. 

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Jainism [edit]. 

Sanskrit moksha or Prakrit mokkha means liberation or salvation.  It is a blissful state of existence of a soul, completely free from the karmic bondage, free from saṃsāra, the cycle of birth and death.  A liberated soul is said to have attained its true and pristine nature of infinite bliss, infinite knowledge and infinite perception.  Such a soul is called siddha and is revered in Jainism. 

In Jainism, it is the highest and the noblest objective that a soul should strive to achieve.  In fact, it is the only objective that a person should have; other objectives are contrary to the true nature of soul.  With right view, knowledge and efforts all souls can attain this state.  That is why Jainism is also known as mokṣamārga or the “path to liberation”. 

According to the Sacred Jain Text, Tattvartha sutra: 

Owing to the absence of the cause of bondage and with the functioning of the dissociation of karmas the annihilation of all karmas is liberation. 

According to the Sacred Jain Text, Tattvartha sutra: 

Owing to the absence of the cause of bondage and with the functioning of the dissociation of karmas the annihilation of all karmas is liberation. 

[Swami Vivekananda appreciated the role of Jainism in the development of Indian religious philosophy.  In his words, he asks: 

What could have saved Indian society from the ponderous burden of omnifarious ritualistic ceremonialism, with its animal and other sacrifices, which all but crushed the very life of it, except the Jain revolution which took its strong stand exclusively on chaste morals and philosophical truths? [246] ]. 

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Sikhism [edit]. 

The concept of liberation (nirvana, mukti) as “extinction of suffering”, along with the idea of sansara as the “cycle of rebirth”is part of Sikhism [73] Nirvana appears in Sikh texts as the term Nirban [74] [75] However, the more common term is Mukti, or Moksh, [76] a salvation concept wherein loving devotion to God is emphasized for liberation from endless cycle of rebirths [75].